Turkey Libya Agreement
Turkey and the GNA also signed an agreement last year on security cooperation and military cooperation. Earlier this year, Turkey sent troops, Syrian mercenaries and other military backers to help the GNA fend off an attack by Libya`s rival eastern-based National Army and fend off the deluge of the conflict. There are no such in-depth agreements between the coastal states of the eastern Mediterranean. The Greek Cypriot administration of southern Cyprus considers itself the sole authority on the island, while Greece, Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Israel have declared all EEZs of the eastern Mediterranean. It is important to note, however, that the DEEE agreements between the EU and the Greek Cypriot duo and the us-backed coastal states have no legitimacy because of the illegality of the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum – which violates the rights protected by international law of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) -. The maritime agreement between Turkey and Libya was largely a response to the Eastern Mediterranean Forum, which was launched in 2019 with seven member states, including Turkey. In order to preserve its interest in the region, Ankara duly concluded the agreement with the Libyan GNA on 27 November; it was ratified by the Turkish parliament on 5 December. Ankara then submitted the registration agreement to the UN to protect its rights from the unilateral and illegal activities of other regional countries and international groups. Turkey`s Libya deal also has implications for the prospects of libya`s brutal civil war, where Ankara and its Gulf ally, Qatar, support the Government of the National Agreement (GNA), while the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, France and Russia support rival forces led by Khalifa Haftar, a 75-year-old warlord. ISTANBUL (Reuters) – An agreement on the maritime demarcation between Ankara and Libya`s internationally recognized government has been registered by the United Nations, the Turkish Defense Ministry said on Friday.
Egypt also criticized the agreement and called it «illegal.» President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that new relations with Libya «would allow Turkey, with the Tripoli agreement, to legally drill on the Libyan continental shelf… With this new agreement between Turkey and Libya, we will be able to conduct joint exploration operations in these exclusive economic zones that we have defined. There is no problem. In Libya, the signing of the memorandum elicited different reactions: it was welcomed by the government`s supporters of the national agreement, but rejected by supporters of Khalifa Haftar and the Tobruk Parliament. Ahmad Al Mismari, the official spokesman for Haftar`s forces, rejected the agreement and warned that «military force will be used to prevent any violation of Libyan sovereignty.»  Members of the Tobruk Parliament expressed similar sentiments, while President Aguila Saleh Issa sent a letter to the UN GENERAL SECRETARy, Antonio Guterres, in which they called the agreement «null and void». Saleh called for the agreement to be ratified by the Tobruk parliament and «Libya and Turkey have no common maritime borders.»  The dispute has left Ankara looking for allies in the region. The new agreements were signed on Wednesday during a meeting between Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and Fayez al-Serraj, head of the Tripoli government, which supports Ankara against a rival military power in eastern Libya. Greece recognizes its territories within the area between the region of Crete and the island of Meyisti as a single coast. On the other hand, Turkey argues that it is mainly the continental shelves and the borders of the EEZs that must be defined between Libya, Egypt and Turkey.