Sykes Picot Agreement Document

(8) For a period of twenty years, the existing Turkish tariff remains in effect in all blue and red zones as well as in Zones A) and (B) and there is no increase in tariffs or conversion of value at certain rates, unless there is a general agreement between the two powers. There should be no customs barriers between the above areas. Tariffs on goods destined for the interior are collected in the port of entry and handed over to the destination area administration. At the French Embassy in London, David Lloyd George and Clemenceau met on Sunday, December 1, for a private and undocumented meeting in which the French embassy returned French rights to Mosul (city of Mosul and south to Little Zab) and to Palestine, given by the Sykes-Picot agreement. [d] Although Lloyd George and others claimed that nothing had been given in return, according to Ian Rutledge and James Barr, Lloyd George promised at least one, if not all, of France`s support for the French claims in the Ruhr region, that if oil production began in Mosul, France would receive a share and that the Sykes-Picot commitment would be maintained with regard to Syria. [82] [83] [84] As a further sign of British discontent with Sykes-Picot, Sykes wrote in August a «memorandum on the Asia Minor Agreement» to support its renegotiation, to make the French understand that they «are doing good, that if they cannot make military efforts, they should change their policy.» After much discussion, Sykes was ordered to enter into an agreement or complement to Sykes-Picot («Project Arrangement») on the «future status of hejaz and Arabia,» which was reached until the end of September. [64] However, before the end of the year, the agreement still had to be ratified by the French government. [65] The French elected Picot as French High Commissioner for the soon-to-be occupied territory of Syria and Palestine. The British appointed Sykes political chief of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. On April 3, 1917, Sykes met Lloyd George, Curzon and Hankey to receive his instructions on the matter, namely to keep the French on their side as they pushed towards a British Palestine.

First Sykes in early May, then by chance, Picot and Sykes visited the Hejaz together in May to discuss the agreement with Fayçal and Hussein. [55]166 Hussein was persuaded to accept a formula that the French of Syria would follow the same policy as the British in Baghdad. As Hussein believed that Baghdad would be part of the Arab state, he was finally satisfied with this. Subsequent reports from participants expressed doubts as to the exact nature of the discussions and the degree to which Hussein had actually been informed of the Sykes-Picot conditions. [61] In the following years, the Sykes-Picot agreement became the target of fierce criticism, both in France and in England. Lloyd George referred to a «monstrous» document and a «stupid» document.